Social Research Center - University of Iceland
Comparing Well-Being of Nations - An International Database
Total Well-Being

Nordic
NW European
English Speaking
Asian
South European
East European
Ranking Country Score
1 Denmark 0.792
2 Sweden 0.784
3 Norway 0.755
4 Finland 0.747
5 Netherlands 0.727
6 Iceland 0.722
7 Switzerland 0.707
8 Luxembourg 0.704
9 Austria 0.675
10 Australia 0.643
11 Canada 0.643
12 New Zealand 0.641
13 Belgium 0.629
14 UK 0.628
15 France 0.623
16 Germany 0.603
17 Ireland 0.575
18 Czech Republic 0.552
19 Japan 0.538
20 Spain 0.507
21 USA 0.479
22 South Korea 0.470
23 Italy 0.459
24 Greece 0.450
25 Slovakia 0.438
26 Hungary 0.433
27 Portugal 0.389
28 Poland 0.351
29 Turkey 0.176
Non-Economic

Nordic
NW European
English Speaking
Asian
South European
East European
Ranking Country Score
1 Denmark 0.828
2 Sweden 0.816
3 Norway 0.778
4 Finland 0.776
5 Netherlands 0.752
6 Iceland 0.746
7 Switzerland 0.721
8 Austria 0.698
9 Luxembourg 0.684
10 New Zealand 0.670
11 Australia 0.660
12 Canada 0.657
13 Belgium 0.651
14 France 0.648
15 UK 0.646
16 Germany 0.623
17 Czech Republic 0.581
18 Ireland 0.576
19 Japan 0.550
20 Spain 0.525
21 Italy 0.483
22 South Korea 0.473
23 Greece 0.470
24 Hungary 0.464
25 Slovakia 0.460
26 USA 0.460
27 Portugal 0.418
28 Poland 0.373
29 Turkey 0.175
Economic Strength

Nordic
NW European
English Speaking
Asian
South European
East European
Ranking Country Score
1 Luxembourg 0.865
2 USA 0.629
3 Switzerland 0.592
4 Norway 0.575
5 Ireland 0.572
6 Canada 0.536
7 Sweden 0.531
8 Iceland 0.530
9 Netherlands 0.526
10 Finland 0.514
11 Australia 0.513
12 Denmark 0.496
13 UK 0.487
14 Austria 0.484
15 South Korea 0.449
16 Germany 0.448
17 Belgium 0.448
18 Japan 0.441
19 France 0.419
20 New Zealand 0.413
21 Spain 0.357
22 Czech Republic 0.318
23 Greece 0.292
24 Italy 0.273
25 Slovakia 0.264
26 Hungary 0.188
27 Turkey 0.182
28 Poland 0.180
29 Portugal 0.160
Health Conditions

Nordic
NW European
English Speaking
Asian
South European
East European
Ranking Country Score
1 Sweden 0.848
2 Norway 0.788
3 Italy 0.786
4 Netherlands 0.784
5 Germany 0.760
6 Iceland 0.746
7 Australia 0.740
8 Switzerland 0.738
9 UK 0.738
10 Luxembourg 0.731
11 Canada 0.725
12 Denmark 0.723
13 Austria 0.716
14 Japan 0.710
15 Ireland 0.703
16 Finland 0.694
17 France 0.693
18 New Zealand 0.690
19 Spain 0.676
20 Belgium 0.667
21 Czech Republic 0.638
22 Greece 0.634
23 Portugal 0.621
24 South Korea 0.587
25 Slovakia 0.543
26 Turkey 0.532
27 Poland 0.529
28 USA 0.471
29 Hungary 0.323
Employment Level

Nordic
NW European
English Speaking
Asian
South European
East European
Ranking Country Score
1 Iceland 0.858
2 Denmark 0.783
3 Switzerland 0.742
4 Netherlands 0.740
5 Norway 0.734
6 Sweden 0.716
7 New Zealand 0.683
8 Japan 0.645
9 Finland 0.625
10 Austria 0.600
11 USA 0.600
12 Canada 0.598
13 Ireland 0.595
14 Portugal 0.592
15 Australia 0.585
16 UK 0.573
17 Luxembourg 0.572
18 Spain 0.568
19 South Korea 0.549
20 France 0.520
21 Germany 0.516
22 Belgium 0.477
23 Czech Republic 0.430
24 Italy 0.422
25 Greece 0.369
26 Hungary 0.292
27 Slovakia 0.231
28 Turkey 0.220
29 Poland 0.206
Education Level

Nordic
NW European
English Speaking
Asian
South European
East European
Ranking Country Score
1 Canada 0.899
2 Japan 0.847
3 Finland 0.811
4 South Korea 0.778
5 New Zealand 0.750
6 Switzerland 0.720
7 USA 0.687
8 Sweden 0.681
9 Netherlands 0.677
10 Australia 0.674
11 Denmark 0.655
12 Norway 0.650
13 Belgium 0.643
14 France 0.621
15 Ireland 0.612
16 Germany 0.607
17 UK 0.601
18 Poland 0.573
19 Czech Republic 0.561
20 Austria 0.529
21 Iceland 0.521
22 Luxembourg 0.520
23 Hungary 0.506
24 Slovakia 0.487
25 Spain 0.442
26 Greece 0.374
27 Italy 0.276
28 Portugal 0.179
29 Turkey 0.007
Less Income Inequality

Nordic
NW European
English Speaking
Asian
South European
East European
Ranking Country Score
1 Sweden 0.991
2 Denmark 0.989
3 Norway 0.898
4 Czech Republic 0.890
5 Iceland 0.871
6 Luxembourg 0.862
7 Austria 0.861
8 Finland 0.846
9 Slovakia 0.841
10 Netherlands 0.840
11 Switzerland 0.838
12 Hungary 0.824
13 France 0.822
14 Belgium 0.785
15 Germany 0.652
16 Australia 0.647
17 UK 0.600
18 Canada 0.589
19 New Zealand 0.570
20 Greece 0.544
21 Italy 0.522
22 Ireland 0.493
23 Spain 0.482
24 Japan 0.426
25 South Korea 0.420
26 Poland 0.267
27 Portugal 0.233
28 USA 0.133
29 Turkey 0.006
Less Poverty and Material Deprivation

Nordic
NW European
English Speaking
Asian
South European
East European
Ranking Country Score
1 Denmark 0.944
2 Sweden 0.925
3 Norway 0.871
4 Finland 0.865
5 Austria 0.856
6 France 0.811
7 Czech Republic 0.792
8 Iceland 0.791
9 UK 0.776
10 Belgium 0.745
11 Netherlands 0.726
12 Hungary 0.725
13 Luxembourg 0.721
14 Switzerland 0.709
15 Slovakia 0.669
16 New Zealand 0.648
17 Greece 0.589
18 Germany 0.588
19 Australia 0.557
20 Canada 0.543
21 Italy 0.533
22 Portugal 0.447
23 Spain 0.416
24 Ireland 0.412
25 South Korea 0.378
26 Japan 0.335
27 Poland 0.314
28 USA 0.293
29 Turkey 0.208
Family Conditions

Nordic
NW European
English Speaking
Asian
South European
East European
Ranking Country Score
1 Denmark 0.805
2 Sweden 0.778
3 Iceland 0.725
4 Norway 0.715
5 Finland 0.687
6 France 0.659
7 Luxembourg 0.655
8 Netherlands 0.648
9 UK 0.633
10 Australia 0.620
11 Germany 0.619
12 New Zealand 0.614
13 Belgium 0.587
14 Austria 0.578
15 Ireland 0.571
16 Switzerland 0.542
17 Spain 0.538
18 Hungary 0.521
19 Japan 0.506
20 Czech Republic 0.483
21 Canada 0.470
22 Portugal 0.450
23 South Korea 0.398
24 Poland 0.394
25 Slovakia 0.393
26 Italy 0.373
27 USA 0.343
28 Greece 0.330
29 Turkey 0.053
Social Cohesion & Participation

Nordic
NW European
English Speaking
Asian
South European
East European
Ranking Country Score
1 Denmark 0.918
2 Finland 0.850
3 Sweden 0.803
4 Luxembourg 0.795
5 Netherlands 0.777
6 Iceland 0.757
7 Austria 0.752
8 Switzerland 0.742
9 Norway 0.742
10 Australia 0.692
11 New Zealand 0.685
12 Germany 0.680
13 Canada 0.653
14 Belgium 0.650
15 UK 0.621
16 France 0.569
17 Ireland 0.564
18 Japan 0.561
19 USA 0.523
20 Greece 0.493
21 Portugal 0.479
22 Spain 0.469
23 Italy 0.467
24 Czech Republic 0.410
25 South Korea 0.307
26 Poland 0.296
27 Hungary 0.293
28 Slovakia 0.253
29 Turkey 0.240
Subjective Factors

Nordic
NW European
English Speaking
Asian
South European
East European
Ranking Country Score
1 Finland 0.831
2 Netherlands 0.823
3 Norway 0.823
4 Denmark 0.811
5 Sweden 0.787
6 Canada 0.775
7 Australia 0.762
8 Switzerland 0.738
9 New Zealand 0.720
10 Iceland 0.702
11 Austria 0.695
12 Belgium 0.658
13 Ireland 0.657
14 USA 0.631
15 UK 0.622
16 Luxembourg 0.617
17 Spain 0.612
18 Germany 0.558
19 France 0.489
20 Italy 0.480
21 Czech Republic 0.446
22 Greece 0.424
23 Poland 0.402
24 South Korea 0.368
25 Japan 0.367
26 Portugal 0.344
27 Slovakia 0.264
28 Hungary 0.227
29 Turkey 0.133
List of All 69 Variables on Which the Well-Being Index is Based

Economic Factors
 
GDP per head, US $, constant prices and PPPs, ref. year 2000 - Average 2000-2007 (OECD)
The Global Competitiveness Index 2009–2010 score (World Economic Forum)
Income levels for people at different points in the distribution, mid 2000s - Median income (USD PPP)(OECD)
Real GDP Growth, annual growth in % - Average 2000-2007 (OECD)
GDP per head, US $, constant prices, constant PPPs, reference year 2000 - Average 1990-1999 (OECD)
 
 
Health Factors
 
Life expectancy at birth 2007 - Total years. (OECD)
Potential years of life lost [Premature mortality], 2006 - Males (Per 100.000) (OECD)
Suicide, mortality rates, 2006 - Total (Per 100.000) (OECD and WHO)
Infant mortality rates 2007 (Per 1.000) (OECD and WHO)
Percentage of adult population with Body Mass Index over 30 (obese population), around 2007 - Total (OECD)
Average number of decayed, missing or filled teeth, 12y old, 2006 (OECD)
Experience depression yesterday, 2008 or 2009 (% Yes) (Gallup WP)
AIDS incidence rates, 2006 (New cases per million population) (OECD)
Percentage of adult population smoking daily, 2007 - Total (% of 15y and over) (OECD)
Alcohol consumption in litres per capita, population aged 15+, 2007 (OECD)
Out of pocket and private health insurance as a share of total health expenditure, 2007 - Total (OECD)
 
 
Employment Factors
 
Employment/population ratio (Persons aged 15-64 years (percentages)) - Average of 2005-2008 (OECD)
Unemployment rate (Men aged 15-64 %) - Average of 2004-2008 (OECD)
Unemployment rate (Women aged 15-64, %) - Average of 2004-2008 (OECD)
Share of population living in jobless households: Level around 2005 (OECD)
Average annual hours actually worked per person in employment - Total employment - Average for 2005-2008 (OECD)
Employment/population ratio (Women aged 15-64 years, %) - Average of 2004-2008 (OECD)
Employment/population ratio, age 55 to 64, Both sexes - Average of 2005-2008 (OECD)
Employment/population ratio, Persons aged 25-64 (%), Both sexes, 2007 - Less than upper secondary education (OECD)
ALMP - Public expenditure as a percentage of GDP - Total, 2005-2006 (OECD)
 
 
Educational Factors
 
Population with at least upper secondary education, 25-34 year-olds, 2007 (OECD)
Population that has attained at least tertiary education, 25-34 year-olds, 2007 (OECD)
Mean score in science, 2006 - PISA results (OECD)
Mean score in mathematics, 2006 (OECD)
Population with at least upper secondary education, 55-64 year-olds, 2007 (OECD)
Population with tertiary education, 25-64 year-olds, 2007 (OECD)
 
 
Income Inequality
 
Gini coefficients of income inequality in OECD countries, mid 2000s (OECD and LIS)
Levels of income inequality - Interdecile ratio P90/P10: Level mid 2000s (OECD and LIS)
Levels of income inequality based on different summary measures in mid-2000s - Interdecile ratio P50/P10: Level (OECD)
 
 
Poverty & Material Deprivation
 
Relative poverty rates for different income thresholds, mid-2000s - proportion below 50% of median equaivalized income (OECD)
Poverty rates among children, Mid-2000s (OECD)
Poverty among people of retirement age, Mid-2000s (OECD)
Prevalence of different forms of material deprivation (% of total population) - Inability to make ends meet, mid 2000s (OECD)
Relative poverty rates for different income thresholds, mid-2000s - 40% of median (OECD)
Poverty in households with a head of working age: All, 2005 (OECD)
Poverty in households with children; Single, Working, 2005 (OECD)
 
Family Factors
 
Young males not in employment, education or training in the OECD (% age 15-19), 2006 (OECD)
Public and mandatory private expenditures on welfare - Family, Cash benefits, Family allowances (% of GDP) - 2005 (OECD)
Public and mandatory private expenditures on family benefits in kind (Daycare/Home-help services), % of GDP 2005 (OECD)
Enrolment rates of children aged three to five years of age in pre-school educational programmes, 2006 (OECD)
Gender equality score 2009 (Global Gender Gap Index)(WE Forum)
Mean age of mothers at first childbirth, 2005 (OECD)
Net income solely on social assistance for sole parents with two children/median equivalent household income, 2005 (OECD)
Public social expenditure by broad social policy area, in percentage of NNI, 2005 - All social services except health (OECD)
Average of proportion of the 20-24 year-old cohort not in education and not employed between 1997 and 2007 (OECD)
 
 
Social Cohesion & Participation
 
Voter turnout in parliamentary elections (% of voting age population-latest available year)(www.idea.int/vt/)
Corruption Index (Gallup WP 2008-2009)
Employment participation of people with disabilities, % around 2005 (OECD)
National Institutions Index (Gallup WP 2008-2009)
Community Basics Index (Gallup WP 2008-2009)
Law & Order Index (Gallup WP 2008-2009)
Food & Shelter Index (Gallup WP 2008-2009)
 
 
Subjective Well-Being
 
Thriving Index (Gallup WP 2008-2009)
Struggling Index (Gallup WP 2008-2009)
Suffering Index (Gallup WP 2008-2009)
Personal Health Index (Gallup WP 2008-2009)
Experience stress yesterday (% Yes) (Gallup WP 2008-2009)
Life satisfaction today (Gallup WP 2008-2009)
Average points of life satisfaction on an 11-step ladder from 0-10, 2006 (OECD)
Personal Economy Index (Gallup WP 2008-2009)
Citizen Engagement Index (Gallup WP 2008-2009)
Youth Development Index (Gallup WP 2008-2009)
Diversity Index (Gallup WP 2008-2009)
Violence Index (Gallup WP 2008-2009)
 
2010 - Þjóðmálastofnun - Háskóli Íslands